Application of Qualitative Research Methodology In Pharmacy

Practice of Pharmaceutical Professional

To a large extent the practice of pharmaceutical professional is intended primarily to humans, referred to as consumers or patients, each connected to their families, organizations and health systems and different cultures all over the world, so to carry out a proper pharmaceutical practice, you need the complement of disciplines to study people and their systems of society. This is the point where the Social Pharmacy enters the scene, where drugs are studied from the perspective of social and humanistic sciences and where beliefs, attitudes, rules and related medications and health processes.

Despite the extension internationally is experiencing the use of qualitative methodology and taking into account its impact on the health sector it has definitely led to a different way of doing science, which delves into the social aspects health, it is considered that qualitative research in the pharmaceutical sector are scarce, but excel encouraging and important experiences mainly in the UK to which are referred later.

Studies

The great generality of the studies currently being undertaken in the field of Healthcare Pharmacy, respond to quantitative or positivist approach, which favors the investigations, lack of analysis related to the pharmaceutical profession from qualitative perspective phenomena, considering the perception, attitudes, and expectations of pharmacists, health, and patients. Following experiments carried out in recent years in this area, among which those made by research groups of Faculties of Pharmacy of the United Kingdom and the United States is. Among them is a work made in Nottingham, aimed at describing the views of pharmacists and nursing home nurses to community care in relation to the role of community pharmacists in the area, using in-depth interviews with 10 nurses and 8 pharmacists and the results showed differences in both professions appreciation of the functions of the community pharmacist. An investigation by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain), evaluated the role of pharmacists in the treatment of depression in primary care. 

 

A study in Nothern Ireland

A study in Northern Ireland, UK, explored and identified through qualitative research barriers perceived by community pharmacists and general practitioners, as interprofessional work.  Another study in London investigated the information needs for medicines, of 299 patients hospitalized in three teaching hospitals, through the combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques, using questionnaires and interviews in depth.

Qualitative Studies

Qualitative studies in the United States report the use of qualitative techniques to understand the perceptions of members of a health team in relation to their role, determine the perspectives and information needs of patients bronchial asthma, to evaluate the perception of professionals and managers of a hospital institution in relation to programs designed to identify medication errors, know the perception of pharmacists regarding the factors associated with the sale of syringes to a community of Georgia identify barriers to adherence to antiretroviral treatment in patients with HIV-AIDS , assess the attitudes of mothers of pediatric patients to community pharmacists, the impact of a health education program for the treatment of diarrhea, points views of pharmacists, physicians and consumers in relation to the needs of patient education and communication barriers between them.

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