Deadliest Genocides in the World History

Genocide refers to the systematic mass killing of people. This annihilation is mostly against a large group of people of a particular race, ethnicity, religion, and nation. In 1944, Raphael Lemkin, a Polish-Jewish lawyer coined the term “Genocide”; it is a combination of two words: a Greek word genos(tribe, race), and a Latin word cide(killing). Our world has seen much horrible genocide apart from wars; I will discuss the cruelest genocides history has ever seen.

  • Rwandan Genocide (1994)

This genocide occurred due to the conflict between two tribes-Tutsi and Hutus-from a common ancestor. The European imperialism here resulted in the division of these two tribes. Tutsi people enjoyed ruling over Hutus people for many years, but in the 1990s, the tribal rivalry reached its peak in the form of a revolt. Hutus militants killed a large number of Tutsi people. 500,000 to 1,000,000 people were brutally slaughtered in this mass killing.

  • Armenian Genocide (1915)

Ottoman Empire systematically killed Armenian people. Young Turks led this killing. Men’s were slaughtered and woman and children were stranded in the desert to death. Chemical weapons were also used to kill people. Houses were burnt when people were inside them. This genocide was religiously motivated against Christian minority. Between 600,000 and 1.8 million Armenians died in this massacre.

  • The Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)

The conflict between two ethnic groups, i.e. Hausas and Igbo people, resulted in the civil war. A number of people were murdered because of their ethnicity. The estimated numbers of people who died are 1,000,000 to 3,000,000.

  • The Holodomor (1932-1933)

The Soviet Union carried out the eradication of Ukrainians under Joseph Stalin. He shortened the supply of food in the nation until people starved to death. Almost 7,500,000 people were killed.

  • The Holocaust (1941-1945)

Last but not the least, is the well-known genocide carried out in Germany on religious bases. It was a systematic annihilation of Jews by Nazi Germans under Adolf Hitler. Hitler believed that Jews are the inferior race and they are contaminating Germany, therefore they must be completely exterminated from Germany. Approximately 17,000,000 people were murdered because of this genocide.

Aforementioned are most horrific genocide committed throughout history. This kind of intentional killing of particular human race is very dreadful. We can hope that such deliberate killing will stop in the future because; it is not about one race or one group, it is about whole humanity.

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