Alzheimer’s disease can be diagnosed by a qualified doctor or nurse Tests that are ordered to ascertain any other medical problems could be causing dementia or causing it to progress are; Vitamin insufficiency, thyroid disease, stroke or brain tumor, severe infection, depression and stupefying effects of medicines. In the initial stages of dementia, brain scans usually show no abnormality. However, later on, the scans show a decline in the size of the brain. Unfortunately, there is no known cure of AD. The treatment only slows the succession of the disease, modifies behavior, irritation and sleep issues. Because treatment acts very slowly, patients and their relatives do not notice in the condition of the patient.
Types of Patients
Some patients, out of sheer frustration resort to self-medication or herbal treatments. This could prove counter-productive and herbs are not regulated by the FDA. Since there is no cure or any method of preventing the progression of AD, there are some things that could be fitted into your everyday routine, especially if the patient has a family history of dementia. These include following a low-fat diet, consuming cold water fish like tuna, salmon, and mackerel and cutting down on foods containing linoleic acid found in dairy products. The patient is also advised to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, maintain a normal blood pressure, and stay mentally and physically active.
Drug intake should be limited to medicine like ibuprofen, or drugs normally used for cholesterol. Schizophrenia, also known as the ‘split personality’ disease is an unremitting, brutal and devastating mental disease that affects millions of people. Men are more prone to this disease than women. People suffering from Schizophrenia lose their sense of reality, and may even demonstrate delusionary behavior, such as they may think they hear voices of people who are not present or feel that insects are crawling on their bodies. They also lose the ability to communicate coherently and be disorganized.
Individuals suffering from this disorder also are paranoid, and they start thinking that those around them are plotting in some way to harm them. Other forms of Schizophrenia are: Disorganized Schizophrenia wherein the patient displays disorganized patterns of speech and behavior. Catatonic schizophrenia is in which the patient has difficulty in walking or moving, excessive and abnormal movements, and repeating the words of others. Undifferentiated schizophrenia is described as an individual having hallucinations and illegible speech. Patients suffering from Residual schizophrenia experience a decrease in abilities, and they tend to avoid speaking and withdraw into themselves.